University of Kāshān
عنوان مقاله [English]
Experts in criticism and amendment have criticized some narrators of hadith because of some attributes, special moral traits or particular convictions. Belief in exaggeration and authorization is one of the factors which the narrators in earlier sources of transmitters of hadith have considered blameworthy. This phenomenon was widespread among the transmitters of the hadith of the Imams in the second and third centuries AH, and of course the infallible Imams strongly opposed it. The scholars of the transmission of hadith being inspired by the way the Imams dealt with such transmitters and on its basis-especially under the influence of the scholars and traditionists of the third and fourth AH centuries of Qom-have used certain expressions and terms in their works in reference to the school of exaggeration and authorization. However, the expressions used in reference to the exaggeration the transmitters in the early Shii sources of transmitters of hadith are
not consistent and sometimes they are used interchangeably. Accordingly, the views of those who intended to differentiate carefully between the mentioned two groups by employing certain terms or expressions are not always conclusive, and the sources of the transmission of hadith in certain cases do not endorse such view. This group had an effective role in introducing such terms in the sources of the science of the transmission of hadith. The present article is based mainly on the views of scholars like Kashi, Najashi, Sheikh Tusi and Ibn Ghadhaeri on the transmitters of hadith.
and authorization of