عنوان مقاله [English]
The four books of Shiite hadith have alike and similar traditions, in which sometimes there are textual differences. Comparing similar Hadiths includes these differences in Mazīd, Taṣḥīf and Taḥrīf, quoting with meaning and Maqlūb. Factors such as "fragmentation" (taqṭī'), "intercalate (idrāj) or addendums of the transmitter" and "deliberate manipulation" usually cause a difference in the transmitting of the same traditions. These differences may inadvertently or deliberately affect the meaning of the hadith and change the infallible Imam’s order (AS) or, as in most cases where the hadith is an Inverted tradition, does not change much in meaning. The intercalated (mudraj) traditions that the transmitter adds to those explanations will result in the addition of the word or phrase in the same hadiths. The mazīd hadith which was formed by the addition of several sentences, was created by fragmentation. Among the authors of the Fourth Books, most of all Shaikh Tūsī Segments Al-Kafi traditions. The quoting of meaning at the level of the synonymous words, or the transfer to a specific meaning is the most common form of quoting in meaning. Quoting of meaning at the level of the sentences, is the usual way of Shaikh Sadūq's on the similar hadiths; Because Shaikh Sadūq, by not considering the sanad and summarizing the text, usually expresses only the infallible Imam’s order (AS).