پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Hadith is less seen as a process in the field of Islamic sciences. Being a method, being a member of the history family, having a clear structure and the intention to survive are important pillars of this inherited process in Islam. Classification is one of the main topics in the philosophy of science and one of the ways to analyze history correctly is to pay attention to historical classification. In the historical sciences, what gives meaning to a classification; It is not merely a mental and logical possibility; Nor should historical reality be overlooked. Therefore, we define the main one as the "necessity of meaningful classification" and the three classifications of "subject", "periodic" and "Shi'a-Sunni" which are very important; We examine. The division of hadith into Shi'a and Sunni is a common example of these divisions in the history of hadith. In general, the explanation of the relationship between Shi'a and Sunni hadith, based on a historical approach, will lead to the clear conclusion that this classification does not have a fully defensible basis in an accurate analysis of the history of hadith; Because each of the five relations, including unity, reaction, text and margin, adaptation and distinction, is related to only a part of the hadiths and not all of them. Classification based on historical facts has a more defensible logic in the historical analysis of hadith.