دانشگاه ولیعصر رفسنجان
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the position of examining any hadith, the occasion of producing of that hadith must be proven from the infallible and its text must also express an epistemological principle or correct beliefs or a practical and moral solution. This hadith, which expresses a special form of scholars' relationship with the governor, appeared in the form of a social tradiion discourse almost from the end of the first century AH, and was especially popular among classes of Sufis, ascetics and famous preachers such as Fudhail ibn 'Ayyāz and Salma ibn Dīnār. Through the method of historical analysis, it was found that this hadith has been quoted in the sources of the fourth and fifth centuries AH without Isnad and has not been mentioned in the primary sources of the hadith of the two sects, only hadiths close to its content have been mentioned. It is possible that this lack of transmitting was influenced by the fierce opposition of the jurists to the Sufis, and that for muslim jurists, the presence and return of scholars to the court of the governors could pave the way for the realization of people's rights, rejection of oppression and establishment of sharia limits and the like.