عنوان مقاله [English]
Q. 22:29 as the verse of Qadā Tafath, which is mentioned in addition to the rituals of Hajj, has been associated with various opinions among commentators and Qur'anic scholars, both in terms of its textual and inward meanings, and is worth examining from the interpretive and linguistic point of view of the Qur'an. In the meantime, both lexical literary study and Traditionary and interpretive studies are groundbreaking. At the same time, in parallel with the valuable horizons of the interpretive traditions of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS), serious controversies have been raised by some Mu'tazilite and Shiite rationalists in the esoteric language of these traditions. In this article, in the first stage, a lexical study of the concept of "Tafath" has been done and based on the original lexical sources, three important views have been examined in this regard. According to this study, regardless of the ambiguities about the main meaning of the root of "Tafath", the meaning derived from the interpretation of the case of Tafath in the Qur'anic usage is the same as removing impurities and tangles, which of course is clearly associated with performing some final Hajj rituals by removing impurities. The body is accompanied by the removal of past limitations. However, some traditions of Ahl al-Bayt (AS), quoted from the early and original sources of Shiite hadith, in addition, refer to another horizon of the meaning of the verse as the meaning of esoteric interpretation and have considered "meeting the Imam" as the interpretation of the verse. These traditions, in spite of some controversies, are foreign to extremist and indefensible esoteric views and can be analyzed in the framework of the theory of interpretive language of the Qur'an in the school of Ahl al-Bayt (AS). Contrary to the belief of some critics, in these traditions, "Qadā Tafath" has been interpreted as meeting the Imam and not "Tafath" itself.