نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشپژوه سطح چهار حوزۀ علمیه قم، قم، ایران
2 ستادیار گروه معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The phenomenon of "Ishtirāk" is one of the most important obstacles to knowing the transmitters, and later scholars of rijāl have tried to eliminate it with various solutions, which are known as ways of distinguishing of commons. The name of Ahmad ibn Muhammad is one of the most frequently used common titles used in the Isnads of " 'Idatun min aṣḥābinā" in Kafi. The purpose of the present study is to critique and evaluate the methods of distinguishing rijāls and to present new and systematic solutions for the process of distinction centered on Ahmad ibn Muhammad. In this regard, all the possibilities in Ahmad ibn Muhammad without suffix have been identified in the 815 Isnads quoted by "'Idatun min aṣḥābinā", then the scope of commonality has decreased in terms of class and conditions of the sanad. Then the quotations of the namesakes of Ahmad ibn Muhammad were taken from 83 transmitters. Next, the narrators who did not have a masterful relationship with any of Ahmad ibn Muhammad's namesakes or had a common or special masterful relationship are divided into three groups. It is considered impossible to distinguish the first category, but by using the information of rijāl sources and Isnads of hadith books and analyzing statistical data, an attempt has been made to provide practical evidence for distinguishing the second category.