نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه علوم قرآن و حدیث، دانشگاه حضرت معصومه، قم، ایران
2 استادیار گروه الهیات، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Ibn Qūliwayh, a traditionist and the first Shiite jurist was from a traditionist family. He is the most influential teacher of Shaikh Mūfīd, and famous narrators and great scholars such as Shaikh Sadūq and Ghaḍā’irī learned from him. His scientific life began in the school of hadith in Qom, and he died after working in several areas of important Shiite hadith in Baghdad. His role in transmitting hadith and narrators' books between these Islamic lands was effective and efficient in the fourth century. He taught Hadith in Khorasan, Transoxiana (Mā Warāʾ an-Nahr), various parts of Iraq and Egypt. Studying the names of the books as well as some of Ibn Qūliwayh's beliefs shows that he was more influenced by the teachers and beliefs of the Shiites of Khorasan, such as ‘Ayyashī and some Isma'īlī beliefs, than other countries. The product of these travels was not only Kamil al-Zyiārāt, but also twenty books on jurisprudential topics. Referring to the products and analysis of the achievements of his presence in different areas, this study tried to investigate the reason why he was not accepted after his death. Ibn Qūliwayh's well-known jurisprudential view is the theory of numbers, which, in addition to the scientific, cultural and social conditions of the fourth and fifth centuries, seems to have played a major role in omitting any scientific mark from a famous jurist like him.